GI Pearls – March 2018 – Episode 18

Show Notes for March 2018 – Episode 18
  1. Effect of Hot Tea Consumption and Its  Interactions With Alcohol and Tobacco Use on the Risk for Esophageal  Cancer – Ann Int Med
  2. IDSA guidelines for C.diff – IDSA
  3. Effect of Low-Fat vs Low-Carbohydrate Diet on  12-Month Weight Loss in Overweight Adults – JAMA
  4. Patients with familial adenomatous polyposis harbor colonic biofilms containing tumorigenic bacteria – Science
  5. Accumulation of Heavy Metals in People on a Gluten-Free Diet – CGH
  6. Fructans, rather than gluten, indluces symptoms in patients with Non-celiac Gluten sensitivity. – Gastro
  7. Predictors of post-colonoscopy emergency department use – GIE
  8. Vedolizumab Concentrations in the Breastmilk of nursing Mothers with IBD – Gastro
  9. Low Rates of GI and Non-GI complications for Screening and Surveillance Colonoscopies -Gastro
  10. Hepatitis B virus reactivation during direct-acting antiviral therapy for Hep C – The Lancet Gastro
  11. Disagreement among gastroenterologists using the Mayo and Rutgeerts Endoscopic scores. – IBD Journal
  12. Noninvasive imaging biomarker assessment of  liver fibrosis by elastography in NAFLD – Nat Rev GI&Hep
2018 · Podcast

GI Pearls – January 2018 – Episode 16

Show Notes for January 2018 – Episode 16
  1. Does rectal diclofenac reduce post-ERCP pancreatitis? A district generalhospital experience – Frontline Gastro
  2. 2017 IDSA Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Diagnosis & Management of Infectious Diarrhea – Clinical Infect Dis
  3. Association of Clinician Denial of Patient Requests With Patient Satisfaction – JAMA Int Med
  4. No association between PPI use and Risk of Alzheimer’s disease – Am J Gastro
  5. Adherence to Mediterranean Diet and Non-Alcohlolic Fatty Liver Disease: Effect on Insulin Resistance. – Am J Gatro
  6. Peripheral eosinophilia in patients with IBD defines aggressive disease phenotype – Am J Gastro
  7. Metal versus plastic stents for anastomotic biliary strictures after liver transplantation: a randomized controlled trial. – GIE
  8. Adherence to a Healthy Lifestyle is Associated with a Lower risk of Diverticulitis among Men – Am J Gastro
  9. Abnormal Responses to Local Esophageal Food Allergen Injections in adult patients with Eosinophilic Esophagitis – Gastro
  10. Cholear vaccine use is associated with a Reduced risk of Death in patients with Colorectal Cancer – Gastro
  11. Toronto HCC risk index:  A validated scoring system to predict 10-year risk of HCC in patients with cirrhosis – J of Hepatology
  12. Type A viral Hepatitis: Summary & Update on the molecular virology, epidemiology, pathogenesis and prevention. – J of Hepatology
  13. Association between early ERCP and mortality in patients with acute cholangitis – GIE
  14. The EPISOD study: long-term outcomes – GIE

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GI Pearls – January 2018 – Episode 15

Show Notes for January 2018 – Episode 15
  1. Colonoscopy Surveillance After Colorectal Cancer Resection – JAMA
  2. Glucocorticosteroids for people with alcoholic hepatitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2017
  3. Effects of liraglutide on weight, satiation, and gastric functions in obesity: a randomised, placebo-controlled pilot trial – Lancet Gastro
  4. Association Between Calcium or Vitamin D Supplementation and Fracture Incidence in Community-Dwelling Older Adults – JAMA
  5. Platelet Count Does Not Predict Bleding in Cirrhotic Patients: Results from the PRO-LIVER Study – Am J Gastro
  6. Number of ROM on a colonic transit study does not correlate w/ symptom severity or QOL in chronic constipation – Neurogastro & Motility
  7. Probiotics for the prevention of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea in adults and children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  8. Going from A to Z – Clinical Problem Solving – NEJM
  9. Gavage of fecal sampels from patients with CRC promotes intestinal carcinogenesis in Germ-Free and Conventional Mice – Gastro
  10. A rare cause of Diarrhea and Polyposis – Gastro
  11. Effectiveness of endoscopic treatments for colonic diverticular bleeding – GIE
  12. Dietary trehalose enhances virulence of epidemic Clostridium difficile – Nature

GI Pearls – December 2017 – Episode 14

Show Notes for December 2017 – Episode 14
  1. Efficacy of a 4-Food Elimination Diet for Children With Eosinophilic Esophagitis  -CGH
  2. How to obtain and use chromoendoscopy dyes for surveillance colonoscopy in inflammatory bowel disease: a technical guide – GIE
  3. Endoscopy in inflammatory bowel disease: advances in dysplasia detection and management – GIE
  4. Endoscopy in inflammatory bowel disease: advances in disease management – GIE
  5. Randomized sham-controlled trials in endoscopy: a systematic review and meta-analysis of adverse events – GIE
  6. Cause, Pathogenesis, and Treatment of Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis  – NEJM
  7. Balloon enteroscopy versus spiral enteroscopy for small-bowel disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis – GIE
  8. Association between an increase in blood urea nitrogen at 24 hours and worse outcomes in acute nonvariceal upper GI bleeding – GIE
  9. Role of capsule endoscopy and fecal biomarkers in small bowel Crohn’s disease to assess remission and predict relapse. GIE
  10. The Evolution of Procedural Competency in Internal Medicine Training – Jama Int Med
  11. Risk of Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Patients Taking Non-Vitamin K antagonist anticoagulants – CGH
  12. Major Bleeding Risk During Anticoagulation with Warfarin, Dabigatran, Apixaban, or Rivaroxaban in Patients with Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation. – J of Managed Care & Spec Pharm
  13. Effects of the 2009 Medical Cannabinoid Legalization Policy on Hospital Use for Cannabinoid Dependency and Persistent Vomiting – CGH
2017 · CGH · Podcast

GI Pearls – September 15-30 2017 – Episode 10

Show Notes for September 15-30, 2017  Episode 010
  1. Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 – Lancet
  2. Proton Pump Inhibitors Decrease Phlebotomy Need in HFE Hemochromatosis: Double-Blind Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial – Gastro
  3. Influence of Age and Eosinophilic Esophagits on Esophageal Distensibility in a Pediatric cohort – Am J Gastro
  4. Long-Term CRC Incidence After Negative Colonoscopy in the State of Utah: Teh effect of Family History. – Am J Gastro
  5. Fecal Incontinence Is associated with Mortality Among Older Adults with Complex Needs – Am J Gastro
  6. Screening for Occult Cancer in Patients with Unprovoked Venous Thromboembolism – Annals of IM
  7. The Durability of Antireflux Surgery – JAMA
  8. Association of prophylactic endotracheal intubation in critically ill patients with upper GI bleeds and cardiopulmonary unplanned events – GIE
  9. Age of red cells for transfusion and outcomes in critically ill adults. – NEJM
  10. The Natural History of Sever Acute Liver Injury – Am J Gastro
  11. Esophageal Dilation with either bougie or balloon technique as a treatment for eosinophilic esophagitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis – GIE
2017 · Podcast

GI Pearls – September 1-15 2017 – Episode 9

Show Notes for September 1-15 2017  Episode 009
  1. Asthma Is Associated With Subsequent Development of Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Population-based Case–Control Study  – CGH
  2. Laboratory predictors of bleeding and the effect of platelet and RBC transfusions on bleeding outcomes in the PLADO trial – Blood
  3. Therapeutic endoscopy-related GI bleeding and thromboembolic events in patients using warfarin or direct oral anticoagulants: results from a large nationwide database analysis – Gut
  4. Major Bleeding Risk During Anticoagulation with Warfarin, Dabigatran, Apixaban, or Rivaroxaban in Patients with Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation. – J of Managed Care & Spec Pharm
  5. Oral administration of conditioned medium obtained from mesenchymal stem cell culture prevents subsequent stricture formation after esophageal submucosal dissection in pigs. – GIE
  6. High Dietary Intake of Specific Fatty Acids Increases Risk of Flares in Patients With Ulcerative Colitis in Remission During Treatment With Aminosalicylates – CGH
  7. The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Management of Inherited Polyposis Syndromes – Dis of Col and Rectum.
  8. Measurement Bias of Polyp Size at Colonoscopy – Dis of Col and Rectum.
  9. Chronic Pancreatitis and Pancreatic Cancer Risk: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis – Am J Gastro.
  10. Rural and Urban Residence During Early Life is Associated with Risk of Inflammatory Bowel Disease – AmJGastro
  11. What’s new in Rome IV – Neurogastro & Motility
  12. Fecal Calprotectin Levels Predict Histological Healing in Ulcerative Colitis – IBD Journal
  13. Weight and Metabolic Outcomes 12 Years after Gastric Bypass – NEJM
2017 · Article · Case-Control · CGH · Podcast · Study

GI Pearls Episode 8 – Last two weeks of August 2017 Gastroenterology Literature Review

Show Notes for last two weeks of August 007

  1. Celiac Disease and Nonceliac Gluten Sensitivity – Jama
  2. Comparison of Infliximab and Adalimumab in Biologic-Naive Patients With Ulcerative Colitis: A Nationwide Danish Cohort Study – Clin Gastro Hep
  3. Use of Thiopurines During Conceptions and Pregnancy is Not Associated with Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes or Health of Infants at One year in a Prospective Study – CGH
  4. Efficacy of Rectal Tacrolimus for Induction Therapy in Patients With Resistant Ulcerative Proctitis – CGH
  5. Use of Liver Imaging and Biopsy in Clinical Practice – NEJM
  6. Hospital-Level Balloon Tamponade Use is Associated with Increased Mortality for All Patients Presenting with Acute Variceal Hemorrhage – Liver international
  7. Clinical Predictors of the Risk of Early Colectomy in Ulcerative Colitis: A Population-based Study – IBD journal
  8. High-Quality Diets Associate With Reduced Risk of Colorectal Cancer: Analyses of Diet Quality Indexes in the Multiethnic Cohort – CGH
  9. Associations of fats and carbohydrate intake with cardiovascular disease and mortality in 18 countries from five continents (PURE): a prospective cohort study – The Lancet
  10. Efficacy of dietary and physical activity intervention in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: a systematic review. – BMJ – Gastro
  11. Safety of Adding Oats to a Gluten-Free Diet for Patients With Celiac Disease: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Clinical and Observational Studies – Gastro
  12. Global Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori Infection: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis – Gastro
  13. Undetectable negative tissue transglutaminase IgA antibodies predict mucosal healing in treated coeliac disease patients – Alimentary Phar and Ther
  14. Death of a Farm Worker After Exposure to Manure Gas in an Open Air Environment – MMWR